Diabetes

A great resource on the effects of diabetes on the body from Healthline.

After you eat or drink, your body breaks down the sugars in your blood and turns it into glucose. The glucose travels through your bloodstream and provides your body with energy. To accomplish this, your pancreas needs to produce a hormone called insulin. In a person with diabetes (diabetes mellitus), the pancreas either produces too little insulin or none at all, or the insulin can’t be used effectively. This allows blood glucose levels to rise while the rest of your cells are deprived of much needed energy. This can lead to a wide variety of problems affecting nearly every part of your body.

Obesity

The Trust for America’s Health (TFAH) and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) recently issued their report on the state of obesity in America and there is enough good news in the report to view it as a glass half full. Unfortunately, the warning signs in the report are so serious that the glass may actually be half-full with a double-thick chocolate shake topped with extra whipped cream and a candy bar on the side.

Heart Disease

Medicare Part D has had important implications for patient outcomes and treatment costs among beneficiaries with congestive heart failure (CHF). This study finds that improved medication adherence associated with expansion of drug coverage under Part D led to nearly $2.6 billion in reductions in medical expenditures annually among beneficiaries diagnosed with CHF and without prior comprehensive drug coverage, of which over $2.3 billion was savings to Medicare. Further improvements in adherence could potentially save Medicare another $1.9 billion annually, generating upwards of $22.4 billion in federal savings over 10 years.